Jason Phipps Morgan
During my scientific career, I have remained extremely curious about how the Earth works, with a particular fascination for the dynamics of deformation, melting, and phase transformations in scenarios ranging from mantle flow, melting, and melt migration beneath ridges, hotspots, and arcs, to hydrothermal flow and reactions at ridges and trenches, to carbon sequestration-related fluid flow and reactions in terrestrial and subseafloor environments. I started by working on geodynamic models of mid-ocean ridge processes linked to the genesis of oceanic crust and uppermost mantle. This work also involved collecting new observations with marine geophysical techniques, and led me to spend almost two years of my life on deepwater research expeditions. In the 1990s I started to explore how ridge processes are linked to larger scale mantle flow, work that led me to try to build quantitative geochemical models for the evolution of Earth's mantle as a byproduct of plume, ridge, arc, and hydrosphere processes. This led me to start focussed work on plume-ridge and plume-lithosphere interactions, and study of the potential dynamics of a plume-fed asthenosphere that has continued to the present. In the 2000s I also started to work on subduction zone dynamics, in particular to study of the processes associated with plate bending and unbending, and, more recently, with the subduction channel that forms the plate interface region responsible for the generation of large earthquakes - and more! In the past 5 years, I have become heavily involved in the development of a better parallel-computing toolbox to model 3D Earth systems that involve highly non-linear interactions between the processes of deformation, fluid flow, and chemical reactions/transformations. This work has finally led to a set of much easier-to-customize code-tools written in parallel MATLAB/MPI that I expect will be a platform for many future projects that explore the fascinating dynamics of our planet.
To make effective use of parallel programming techniques to solve large multiscale geodynamic problems in: (A) Mantle convection - specifically exploring the geodynamic effects of a plume-fed asthenosphere in well-resolved 3-D numerical experiments with strong and coupled buoyancy and viscosity variations (B) Carbon Sequestration in NY State - specifically developing a 3-D parallel code for porous flow in an unstructured grid (C) Flow and melting at ridges and subduction zones (D) 3-D Hydrothermal circulation at mid-ocean ridges (E) 3-D Hydrothermal circulation at subduction zones (F) Bend-faulting and mantle recarbonation
Geodynamics Computational Geodynamics Marine Geology and Geophysics Impacts/Explosive Volcanism
- 2008. "Near-isothermal conditions in the middle and lower crust induced by melt migration." Nature 452 (7183): 80-83. .
- 2013. "New observational and experimental evidence for a plume-fed asthenosphere boundary layer in mantle convection." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 366: 99-111. .
- 2012. "Toward a dynamic concept of the subduction channel at erosive convergent margins with implications for interplate material transfer." Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 13 (2): Q02003-1 -- Q02003-24. .
- 2011. "Coupled mechanical and hydrothermal modeling of crustal accretion at intermediate to fast spreading ridges." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 311 (3-4): 275-286. .
- 2011. "2D and 3D numerical models on compositionally buoyant diapirs in the mantle wedge." Earth and Planetary Science Letters 311 (1-2): 53-68. .
Selected Awards and Honors
- Professeur (College de France) 1996
- James B. Macelwane Award (American Geophysical Union) 1995
- Cecil and Ida Green Scholar 1985
- BS (Physics), Brown University, 1981
- Ph D (GEOPHYSICS & SEISMOLOGY), BROWN UNIVERSITY, 1985